Dangku landscape is vast and therefor is patrolled and monitored in a variety of ways, with the use of motorcycles and by foot. To create a systematic approach to the patrolling, the Dangku landscape was broken down into the sub-resort offices of Dawas (Eastern area), Bondon (Western area) and Talang Buluh (Southern area). The participation of representatives from each of the sub-resort offices in patrolling their own areas is key to maximizing the effectiveness and impact of the patrols.
Patrols will come across many different challenges:
Dealing with Illegal migrants
The Patrols had to deal with migrants that illegally settled within the protected area. The migrants had begun clearing the forest for Ladangs (small subsistence farming field). The patrols follow a step wise approach to law enforcement in such case, as these migrant families are often landless and live well below the poverty line, therefore the first step is to:
Inform, where the encroacher is a given detailed explanation about the land status and that they have broken the law, after this discussion a letter of agreement is signed between the encroacher and BKSDA to state that the encroacher is now aware of the legalities around their actions and all activity from them should be discontinued immediately and they will need to leave the area – they will have 30 days to do so.
Enforce, If the encroacher does not move on as agreed the next step is for the Police to accompany BKSDA to arrest and caution the encroacher regarding their illegal activities.
Evict, the last step which it is only used as a last resort is whereby specialist police force is detailed with forcibly removing the encroacher and their family from the protected area, with the head of the family being arrested and imprisoned for their actions.
However in the reality the encroachment case is not easy solved or clear cut and every case is different. Encroachers usually came from the community outside the landscape and are unaware of the protected status or village or community boundaries. This lack of awareness and the complex nature of Indonesia spatial planning regulation can be used by unscrupulous people who use this opportunity as an illegal business opportunity to sell land that they have no entitlement to sell to the new migrant at a very low attractive price, with the migrants believing they have a bargain at a price of around 3 million rupiah (£100) per hectare, which is equivalent of 3 months wages.