Tiger Projects India

21st Century Tiger are working with ZSL and UCL to support Indian tiger projects.  Home to the largest wild tiger population in the world, the latest  tiger census (2010) suggests that there are over 1700 Indian tigers living in 39 tiger reserves.  They live in a wide range of habitats  including the high-altitude, cold, coniferous Himalayan forests, the steaming mangroves of the Bangladesh Sunderbans, the swampy reedlands, the scorched hills of the Indian peninsula, the lush wet forests of Northern India and the arid forests of Rajasthan.

Check out below or the navigation menu to find out more about the Indian tiger projects we are currently supporting as well as some of our historic conservation work.

Indian tiger and its kill by Sanjay Gubbi


Learn more about Indian tigers





Current Projects

Transboundary Tiger Monitoring

This project will study the status of tigers and habitats in the contiguous forests of Barnadi-Jomotsankha wildlife sanctuaries which straddle the border of India and Bhutan.


Tigers, dams and tribal cultures in Arunachal Pradesh

Tiger Projects India AranachalPradeshSNijhawan

Tiger projects India

In Northeast India, tigers have been reported roaming the foothills of the Himalayas and this project aims to collect tiger and prey population data in an area which up until now has been relatively data deficient.



Mataki Tags – The study of tiger energetics

Indian tiger in Kanha 2014

This new and recently developed Mataki tags technology is an open-source, reprogrammable tracking technology with remote-download to record, in high-resolution, the daily activity patterns of tigers in the wild. It will revolutionise the understanding of tiger movements across a human dominated  landscape.



Past Projects


Combating the Asian big cat trade 2011-12

A film guide for enforcement officers in India, Nepal, China and Vietnam. Translated into six languages.

Organised crime needs an organised response and EIA  encourages governments to use intelligence-led policing strategies to target wildlife criminals who profit from and control the illegal trade in endangered species. In 2006 EIA released an acclaimed film guide aimed at helping environment officials, five years later there was a need to update the film to keep pace with the changing dynamics of the trade and 21st Century Tiger are proud to have supported this important project.

Engaging India to build a constituency for tiger conservation

This project is fully funded by the BBC Wildlife Fund

This new project for WCS-India  aims to broaden the reach of their conservation initiatives through awareness building to encourage local Indian business houses, corporations, foundations and high net-worth individuals to build philanthropic support for tiger conservation.

Recovering wild tiger populations through habitat consolidation 2010

This project is fully funded by the BBC Wildlife Fund

This WCS-India project buys privately owned land parcels  inside protected areas and adjacent to critical tiger habitats in the Western Ghats to mitigate habitat fragmentation, human impacts on wildlife and their habitat and to reduce human-wildlife conflicts. All relocation is voluntary and the villagers are helped with all aspects of their relocation and resettlement through their full participation.

Reducing wildlife mortality due to roads in the Nagarahole-Bandipur corridor.

Three major roads pass through the Nagarahole and Bandipur reserves and have had a serious negative impact on one of India’s most critical wildlife habitats. Mitigation measures have been proposed by local authorities and WCS are conducting research to see whether additional steps are required and if the proposed methods will be effective. See the preliminary report for further details.

Recovering wild tiger populations through habitat-defragmentation 2008

This project is fully funded by the BBC Wildlife Fund

WCS-India are working in protected areas in the forests of the Western Ghats in Karnataka to voluntarily resettle families living in enclaves within critical tiger habitats in order to reduce the threat of habitat fragmentation.

WCS. Threat reduction to tigers 2007 – 08

Nagarahole National Park (formally known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park) has one of the highest recorded tiger densities in India supporting 50-60 tigers, with about 100 additional tigers in adjacent reserves.  Nagarahole is also home to around 1,550 forest-dwelling families living in 55 sporadic settlements. This WCS-India project aims to reduce adverse human impacts on tigers and human-tiger conflict by facilitating the voluntary resettlement of forest-dwelling communities from the park.

WCS. Presentation of the study tiger habitats and integrated conservation 2007

After completing research in Periyar Tiger Reserve, Sanjay Gubbi was invited to present his finding at at the annual meeting of Society for Conservation Biology held at Port Elizabeth, South Africa in July 2007. Shortlisted down from several hundred applicants to 12,  we are delighted that he was awarded joint first prize for his groundbreaking and thought provoking study of tiger habitats and integrated conservation.

S.Gubbi. Evaluating changing attitudes to tiger conservation 2006

Sanjay Gubbi’s study seeks to carry out a follow-up analysis of the legacy of the The India Eco-development Project (IEDP) in certain protected areas (PAs) in southern India. The IEDP, which end five years ago,set out to improve the capacity of PA managers to conserve biodiversity, reduce negative impacts of local people on biodiversity and of PAs on local people, and increase collaboration of local people in conservation efforts.

This independent, process-based trend analysis of the PTR-IEDP is important for tiger conservation, for setting activity priorities to guide future investments in tiger conservation and to develop site specific criteria to measure the success of integrated approaches.

WCS. Tiger habitat consolidation, Kudremukh Reserve, India: 2006

WCS-India/CWS came up with an innovative idea of compensating landowners in Kudremukh, in the Western Ghats in India for surrendering their land. As a result,  six individual families of small land-holders (about 24 persons) were relocated and land worked both legally and illegally were taken back for restoration of natural habitat.

Supporting local advocacy for tiger conservation 2006

This project from the Centre for Wildlfe Studies focused on the institution of three Tiger Conservation Fellowships in the state of Karnataka.

WCS. Community leadership, India 2000 – 06

This long term project from WCS – India based itself on a co-operative venture across different regions in India and was centered around the idea of locating young and highly motivated local youth leaders in prime tiger landscapes to promote tiger conservation through community education.

Investigation into poaching and illegal trade 2000

A project run by Wildlife Protection Society India

Support for Sariska 1999 – 2001

A project run by Global Tiger Patrol which in 2001 financed the purchase of a new Jeep.

Bengal tiger conservation programme, Madhya Pradesh 1998

A project run by Global Tiger Patrol