Kerinci Seblat Tiger Protection Project 2000 – 2017

Launched in May 2000, the Kerinci Seblat Tiger Protection Project is an on-going project is collaboration between Kerinci Seblat National Park (KSNP) and Fauna & Flora International (FFI).

Kerinci Seblat National Park is the second-largest national park  in Southeast Asia, covering approximately 1.38 million hectares excluding buffer zone forests. The Park is critical habitat for the endangered Sumatran tiger.

The program is committed to maintaining a sustainable and effective species conservation program in one of Asia’s most important national parks and does this through:

  • Supporting the Indonesian Governments commitment regarding protection of threatened species, particularly the critically endangered Sumatran tiger
  • Carrying out intelligence investigations to identify threat so a response can be formulated
  • Patrolling in key areas to prevent or remove threat and to establish a national park presence in the forest
  • Encouraging intervention to mitigate the effects of human-tiger conflict for protection of both the community and Sumatran tiger
  • Ensuring law enforcement to address wildlife and other forest crime and support the legal process

Six four-man Tiger Protection and Conservation Units are operational with each unit led by a National Park Ranger leader with ranger members drawn from forest-edge communities. Units operate under the day-to-day direction of young national park managers who report to the director of the national park.

Plate Snare © FFI




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During 2013 while records of tiger encounters were stable in priority patrol focus areas, TPCU patrols recorded an unprecedented increase in direct and highly focused poaching threat to wild tigers from organised poaching and trade syndicates.

The contining concern is the organised, international criminal syndicates that command a ‘poach to order’ system against endangered wildlife in the forest.

61 active tiger snares were confiscated during 22 patrols in 2014. Over 110 routine and intelligence-led patrols were carried out, walking over 1670 km during which other smaller snares were found an incidents of encroachment reported.

Five poachers were arrested during the first half on 2015 after intelligence led to two law enforcement actions in partnership with park edge police departments.

Six Tiger Protection & Conservation Units (TPCUs) conducted a total of 119 SMART forest patrols with support from 21st Century Tiger making a total of 106 separate tiger presence records on patrols covering a total walking distance of 1926 Waypoint kms (1197 miles).

A good start to the year: While threat to tigers from organised poaching and trade syndicates remained high when compared to the long-term project average, active threat to tigers measured through snares detected and destroyed and the number of patrols recording active threat, reduced.

Although threat to tigers from organised tiger poaching syndicates remained far above the norm, active poaching threat to tigers detected dropped to the lowest level since 2012 with  51 active tiger snares – three set by a poacher already in police custody – recorded on  TPCU patrols compared with 72 in the preceding 12 months  – a fall of more than 30%.

Poaching within the core area remains lower and during this period 10 poachers/traders were arrested. However, encroachment into the park is being recorded from both palm oil and coffee producers.